Methods and Approaches for Working in an Intercultural Environment

Handbook for Teachers

The Teacher’s Guide, “Methods and Approaches for Working in an Intercultural Environment,” (which can be downloaded for free on this page) was commissioned by the teaching staff of two kindergarten classes in Tvarditsa as part of educational training, of which the Solidarity Foundation also attended in August 2019.


The manual is suitable for teachers in all levels of education.


Given the growing cultural diversity in educational institutions around the world, the topic of how teachers can mindfully educate in a multicultural environment and help create inclusive intercultural experiences for all their students is becoming increasingly important.


Many researchers in the field of education are working to identify best practices through which both students and teachers can find adequate support and develop their communication skills with people from different cultures.


In 2019, the World Population Review revealed that ethnic Bulgarians represent 85% of the country’s population, Bulgarian Turks represent 8.8%, and Roma peoples represent 4.9%. According to this data, for 15% of the Bulgarian population, Bulgarian is not a mother tongue. These and other demographic trends make the understanding of the differences that accompany cultural, ethnic, socio-economic, gender and individual differences a necessity—especially in the context of the education system.


This handbook examines cultural diversity in the context of educational communities and is based on the notion that multicultural education that meets the needs of children and young people can be key to addressing a number of challenges in school and beyond.

Contents of the manual:


♡ Objectives of the manual


♡ Introduction


♡ Factors contributing to cultural diversity


♡ Identity formation


♡ Challenges to cultural diversity


♡ Cultural models


♡ Culturally-responsive instruction


♡ Methods for introducing multicultural education in the classroom


♡ Common stereotypes about students from other cultures


♡ Exemplary activities for working with children and youth


♡ Sources 

The theory and recommended activities in the handbook will help the reader to:


♡ gain an idea of ​​basic concepts in intercultural education and ideologies related to different cultural models and approaches to work in a multicultural environment


♡ understand the meanings and importance of the concepts of culture, race, socio-economic status, etc. when working with children and young people


♡ build a positive approach to working with children and/or young people that welcomes cultural differences and cultural diversity


♡ explain how racism, discrimination, and stereotypes have a negative impact on children and young people of different cultural backgrounds, as well as suggest appropriate alternatives applicable in educational environments

This guide is freely distributed thanks to:

ДГ “Щастливо детство”, общ. Твърдица

ДГ “Васил Левски”, общ. Твърдица